› PATEL'S HISTORY (Source:- Wikipedia)
Patel (Gujarati: patel, pronounced [pətel]) is an Indian title that represents some of the castes that are predominant in the Indian state of Gujarat that are either agriculturalists (farmers) or land owners.[1] The surname is the second most common in India, following Singh.[2] The Patel surname is found primarily in the Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh[citation needed], Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar. 119,855 people (although not all of the same ethnicity or religion) bear the surname Patel in the United Kingdom, making it the country's 45th most common surname.[3] Patil is the Marathi version of this same name.
Ethnicity While the surname is popular and denotes a particular landowning status, people of different castes occasionally share the surname. The Patels mainly belong to the various Patidar sub-castes. Two main groups of Patels in Gujarat make up the Patidar community including: 1. Leuva Patidar and 2. Kadava Patidar purportedly derived from two sons of Lord Rama\'s two sons name Lava and Kush.Kadva Patidar sub-caste is found most in districts of saurashtra region like Rajkot,Junagadh,Jamnagar and Bhavnagar.Kadva Patel are well know for this business acumen these days and dominate major industries in gujarat till date while the Leuva Patidar sub-caste are mainly found in the Charotar Region (which is known also known as Charotar Leuva Patidars) (Kheda, Anand), Mehsana, Kanam (Vadodara, Bharuch, Panchmahal), South Gujarat and Saurastra region. Few Jats also known as Patels from Haryana state and areas near erstwhile Delhi also fled to states of North Gujarat's Mehsana and Gandhinagar district during the Moghul emperors rule to avoid forced religion conversions by then extremist Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. During Moghul era Patels were trusted head of the village and Moghul as well as British also rely on Patels to carryout administration in any particular village. Patels is derived from word "Pattalikh" meaning certain portion of land "patta" (A unit of Land) and named after the head of the village "likh" meaning "named". Amin surname bearers are also known as Patels. Saurastra Leuva Patels in the Saurastra region district have specific surnames; Babaria, Limbasiya, Kanani, Kunjadiya, Dobaria, Keraliya, Radadia, Gajera, Sutaria, Sojitra and so on from their original village names (from the Kheda, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, and Saurastra regions). In South Gujarat, nearly 90% of the members of the Koli and Kanbi Patidar sub-castes bear 'Patel' as their last name. The Patels outnumber all other Gujaratis in the United States, United Kingdom, and New Zealand. The surname 'Patel' is also used by Kolis in other regions of Gujarat. Besides Kolis and Kanbis, Dhodia Patidars of South Gujarat also use Patel as their last name. The surname can also occasionally be found amongst Parsis, Muslims, and Sidhra-Rudhra Brahmins. Patidars of Rajasthan (south and south-east rajasthan) and Madhya-Pradesh mainly use 'Patidar' itself as surname. The Patidars of these two states are also divided into two groups, Leuva and Kadava. It should be noted that other Gujaratis who migrated out of what is now the state of Gujarat during the British Raj to British East Africa (Kenya and Uganda) would sometimes adopt the surname 'Patel' and this surname was then subsequently passed onto their descendants (who now mainly reside outside Kenya and Uganda). Also, during the British Raj, some of 'Patels' that migrated to British East Africa and the Union of South Africa (South Africa) adopted different surnames, usually the name of their village (e.g. 'Dandikar'), their trade (e.g. 'Contractor'), or even their grandfathers name and subsequently these surnames have been passed down to their descendants.
Origins Some scholars suggest that Gujaratis bearing the last name Patel are descended from Hephthalite or White Huns who ruled India in its distant past. There is little evidence for this, as Patel often refers to a land-owning status rather than to a distinct ethnic group. The word "Patel" derives from "Patidar," meaning "the holder of Pati or Patta." During the "Solanki" period, or perhaps even earlier, a king whose identity is not known recognized the fertility of the land of Gujarat. There was much fertile land and very few farmers. So, the King invited the people from what is now Punjab and Gujarat for agriculture. He issued a contract of "patta" to farmers who agreed to come down to Gujarat. The holders of these "patta" are called "Patidar." They were allocated the uncultivated land in the Petlad Taluka by the Solankis, the rulers of Gujarat in the pre-Mughal era. Patidar translates to "owner of land". Pati means holder or master, and dar means place or land. Many of these people were at first called "Patlikhs", which eventually evolved into the surname Patel.
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